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China-Russia sci-tech collaboration shows ‘strong momentum’

Workers carry out everyday inspections of a part of China-Russia eastern route all-natural gas pipeline in Qinhuangdao, north China’s Hebei Province, November 1, 2022. /CFP

Personnel conduct day-to-day inspections of a section of China-Russia eastern route pure gas pipeline in Qinhuangdao, north China’s Hebei Province, November 1, 2022. /CFP

China-Russia complete strategic partnership of coordination for a new era has boosted sci-tech and innovation cooperation in between the two nations around the world.

“Our cooperation on major initiatives in these fields as electrical power, aviation, house and connectivity is transferring forward steadily. Our collaboration in scientific and technological innovation, cross-border e-commerce and other emerging areas is showing a robust momentum,” Chinese President Xi Jinping wrote in a signed post revealed Monday ahead of his condition check out to Russia.

China-Russian Federation sci-tech cooperation can be traced again to 1992, in accordance to the Russia-China Dialogue: The 2020 Model, an annual report on the improvement of bilateral cooperation by leading intercontinental affairs authorities from both of those nations around the world. 

Inspired by preferential policies in recent several years, China and Russia have witnessed a swift expansion in sci-tech and innovation cooperation.

Substantial sci-tech complementarity

China and Russia are highly complementary in the field of science and technological innovation, according to Li Ziguo, director of the Office for European-Central Asian Studies, China Institute of Global Scientific studies.

China is relatively weak in standard scientific research but powerful in software technological know-how and enjoys a broad industry, even though Russia possesses strength in simple research but its conversion price of scientific research achievements is low and its current market ability is smaller, he explained.

In 2019, China and Russia selected 2020 and 2021 as the China-Russia Yr of Scientific and Technological Innovation.

In 2020, the two international locations signed the highway map of cooperation in the fields of science, engineering and innovation for the 2020-2025 period of time. The road map, which is found as the most significant interim final result of bilateral tech cooperation, systematizes the optimistic effects of bilateral cooperation and identifies the major spots of long term cooperation.

Through the Calendar year of Scientific and Technological Innovation, China and Russia joined fingers to triumph over the impression of COVID-19 and carried out much more than 1,000 scientific and technological innovation actions.

Major conversation spots

The most promising parts of bilateral conversation in science and engineering include facts technological innovation, the Russia-China Dialogue: The 2021 Model report claimed.

With COVID-19 accelerating electronic transformation, China and Russia have held many forums on cooperation in the electronic economic system.

On the town amount, Beijing and Moscow have signed an financial investment cooperation arrangement, in accordance to which the Moscow Innovation Cluster and the Zhongguancun Science and Know-how Park will have out joint R&D and innovation do the job in sophisticated science and technology. 

On the corporate degree, Chinese business Huawei has signed a cooperative arrangement with VisionLabs on the development of a joint IT solution for a smart city process. Other cooperation assignments in the industry of digital overall economy have also been rolled out in between Chinese companies, these as Alibaba Team and Xiaomi, and Russian providers, together with Mail.ru Team, MegaFon and MTS.

China and Russia have made true and successful interactions in physics and astronomy.

A range of Chinese scientific facilities have labored with Russia’s Joint Institute for Nuclear Analysis on mega-science initiatives, these kinds of as the design and operation of the Nuclotron-centered Ion Collider facility (NICA), a particles accelerator advanced.

A worker assembles a lens module on the NICA at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in the town of Dubna in Moscow Region, Russia, April 13, 2022. /CFP

A employee assembles a lens module on the NICA at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Study in the town of Dubna in Moscow Area, Russia, April 13, 2022. /CFP

A worker assembles a lens module on the NICA at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Exploration in the town of Dubna in Moscow Location, Russia, April 13, 2022. /CFP

In 2021, China and Russia uncovered their road map for a future worldwide lunar investigate station, with a system to give all interested international locations and intercontinental associates accessibility to the station. 

Both equally sides have also built progress in locations this kind of as remote sensing, exploration of the moon and outer place, electronic factors for room flight programs, and the monitoring of room particles.

In terms of electrical power cooperation, the design of the seventh and eighth electric power units of the Tianwan Nuclear Ability Plant and the third and fourth electrical power units of the Xudabao Nuclear Electrical power Plant in China were being launched in Could 2021. 

The beneath-design China-Russia jap route normal gasoline pipeline is predicted to total in 2025, with a overall size of 5,111 km. Upon its completion, the cross-border pipeline will operate as a result of nine provincial-level locations and offer organic gasoline to spots together the route, which include Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin.

A 500-tonne lifting and floating crane is operated in the Heihe Port in northeastern China to aid Sino-Russian energy cooperation projects, May 27, 2019. /CFP

A 500-tonne lifting and floating crane is operated in the Heihe Port in northeastern China to aid Sino-Russian power cooperation assignments, May perhaps 27, 2019. /CFP

A 500-tonne lifting and floating crane is operated in the Heihe Port in northeastern China to support Sino-Russian electrical power cooperation jobs, Might 27, 2019. /CFP

Furthermore, the launches of the Russia-China Financial investment Fund and the China-Russia Science and Technologies Innovation Fund have furnished new channels for undertaking financing for new systems in critical financial and cross-reducing fields in equally nations.

Xi’s visit will open a new stage of Russia-China cooperation in the fields of economic climate, science and engineering, and individuals-to-people today and cultural exchanges, reported Yuri Tavrovsky, a professor of the Russian College of Peoples’ Friendship.

(Address via CFP)